Letters and Sounds
Parents can play a vital role in helping their children develop these skills, by encouraging their children to listen carefully and talk extensively about what they hear, see and do.
Phase Two to Four (Reception/Year One)
Phase Two is when systematic, high quality phonic work begins.
During Phase Two to Four, children learn:
*How to represent each of the 42 sounds by a letter or sequence of letters.
*How to blend sounds together for reading and how to segment (split) words for spelling.
*Letter names e.g. through an alphabet song. There is some debate as to when letter names should be introduced, but it is generally best to leave teaching letter names until children are secure with the alphabet letter sounds, as these are what are important when learning to read with phonics.
*How to read and spell some high frequency ‘tricky’ words containing sounds not yet learnt (e.g. they, my, her, you).
Phase Five (Year 1 and Year 2)
Phase Six (Year 2)
During this phase, children become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers.